There are many treatment options for TMJ Dysfunction / TMD
Whilst the exact cause of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders is not known, there are now several treatment options for the management of temporomandibular disorder (TMD);
TMJ Disorder/TMD Treatment Options include:
- Appliance Therapy
- Occlusal Equilibration
- Laser Therapy
- Chiropractic treatment
- Orthodontia or Maxillofacial Surgery
If appropriate, a muscle relaxer may be prescribed to relax the jaw if grinding and clenching of the teeth is evident. Anti-anxiety medication may also be considered to relieve stress and help reduce or control pain. Non steroid anti-inflammatory drugs may also have a role relieving muscle pain and swelling.
The use of a splint (or mouth guard) may be considered to reduce stress on the jaw and improve the bite.
Involves reshaping the biting surfaces of the teeth so that the jaw can close properly.
Low level laser therapy has been found to be effective in the treatment of myofacial pain in the jaw and face.
Chiropractic treatment can be effective in reducing the pain associated with TMD. Chiropractic trigger point therapy and adjustment can be effective in relieving tension in the muscles around the TMJ, neck and spinal joints.
Orthodontia or Maxillofacial Surgery
Structural disorders of the joint that are confirmed by Xray, MRI or CT scans may require treatment with an intra-oral appliance or orthodontia or maxillofacial surgery. Surgical treatment is considered only after all other conservative treatment options have been exhausted.